UPSC IAS Syllabus PDF | UPSC Syllabus 2017 PDF Download

UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus

UPSC IAS Syllabus PDF | UPSC Syllabus 2018 PDF Download

UPSC Civil Services exam goes through three stages. These three stages are:

  • Stage I: Preliminary examination
  • Stage II: Main examination
  • Stage III: Personality Test (Interview)

Before understanding of the syllabus we should first understand the pattern of the exam so its become easy for us to know the examination process, patttern, marking of the subjects and duration. Subjects wise marks and syllabus are given below. Follow the link for more details.

1. UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Examination Pattern:

Stage I. Civil Services Prelims Examination Pattern, Paper Marks & Syllabus:

Latest Pattern of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination
Paper– I:
 General Studies
This paper will be counted for qualifying to write the Civil Services Mains exam.
200 Marks
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Paper- II:
This paper is of qualifying nature, but candidate must score at least 33% marks in this paper. However, marks of this paper are not counted for writing the Mains examination.
200 Marks

Stage II. Civil Services Mains Examination Pattern, Paper Marks and Syllabus:

Only Prelims qualified students can seet for the Mains Examinationa, UPSC Civil Services Mains examination pattern has been mensioned  below.

 Latest Pattern of Civil Services (Mains) Examination
Paper – A:
Language (This paper is of qualifying nature only)
300 Marks
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Paper – B:
English (This paper is of qualifying nature only)
300 Marks
Paper – I:
250 Marks
General Studies-I
250 Marks
General Studies -II
250 Marks
General Studies -III
250 Marks
General Studies -IV
250 Marks
Optional Subject – Paper I
250 Marks
Optional Subject – Paper II
250 Marks
Sub Total (Written test)
1750 Marks
Interview/Personality Test
275 marks
Grand Total
2025 Marks


Stage I: UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam Syllabus

• The Examination will have two compulsory papers of 200 marks each.

Paper I – (200 marks) Duration: Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj,
    Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion,
  • Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change –
    that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science.

Paper II – (200 marks) Duration: Two hours (qualifying paper)

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including Communication Skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level) English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level). Note 1

Important Notes

  1. Paper II of the civil services(Preliminary) Examination will be qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  2. The question will be multiple choice, objective type.
  3. It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of civil services (Prelims) examination for the purpose of evolution. Therefore the candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of civil services examination.

Stage II: UPSC Civil Services Mains Syllabus

Note: Only Prelims qualified students can seet for the Mains Examinationa, Since UPSC Civil Services Mains examination pattern has already been mensioned in the initial paragraph of this page.

Paper – A & B: Qualifying Papers on Indian Language and English

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions in the English paper would be broadly as follows: ‐

  • (a) Comprehension of given passages
  • (b) Precis Writing
  • (c) Usage and Vocabulary
  • (d) Short Essay

Indian Language: 

  • (a) Comprehension of given passages
  • (b) Precis Writing
  • (c) Usage and Vocabulary
  • (d) Short Essay
  • (e) Translation from English to the India Language and vice-versa.

The papers on Indian Language and English will be of matriculation or equivalent standards and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

PAPER-I : (250 Marks)


Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

PAPER-II: (250 Marks)

General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III: (250 Marks)

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV: (250 Marks)

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

PAPER-V: (250 Marks)

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

PAPER-VI & VII: (250 Marks each)

Optional Subject Papers I & II

Part B – Main Examination – Optional Subjects

  • Statistics Main Syllabus
  • Zoology Main Syllabus
  • Anthropology Main Syllabus
  • Arabic Main Syllabus
  • Assamese Main Syllabus
  • Bengali Main Syllabus
  • Dogri Main Syllabus
  • English Main Syllabus
  • Gujarati Main Syllabus
  • Hindi Main Syllabus
  • Kannada Main Syllabus
  • Kashmiri Main Syllabus
  • Konkani Main Syllabus
  • Maithili Main Syllabus
  • Malayalam Main Syllabus
  • Manipuri Main Syllabus
  • Marathi Main Syllabus
  • Nepali Main Syllabus
  • Oriya Main Syllabus
  • Persian Main Syllabus
  • Punjabi Main Syllabus
  • Sanskrit Main Syllabus
  • Santali Main Syllabus
  • Sindhi Main Syllabus
  • Tamil Main Syllabus
  • Telugu Main Syllabus
  • Urdu Main Syllabus

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