Political Science Main Syllabus

UPSC IAS Political Science Main Syllabus

PART I

Political Theory and Indian Politics

1. Politicaltheory meaning and approaches
2. Theories of the state: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
9. Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i Aurobindo, M. K. Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar,M. N. Roy .
10. Western Political Thought :Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and politics

1. Indian Nationalism:

  1. Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; millitant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
  2. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
4.

  1. Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
  2. Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
6. Statutory Inst i tut ions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of center-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
8. Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms.
9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behavior; changing socio-economic profile of Legislators.
11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

PART II

Comparative Politics and InternationalRelations

Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

1.  Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
3.  Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
4.  Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
5.  Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6.  Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalization.
7.  Changing International Political Order:

  1. Rise of superpowers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
  2. Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements;
  3. Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.

8.  Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
9.  United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
10.  Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
11.  Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World: 1.  Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2.  India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role
3.  India and South Asia:

  1. Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
  2. South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
  3. India’s “Look East” policy.
  4. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

4.  India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
5.  India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
6.  India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
7.  India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
8.  Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.